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Indonesia's Famous Landmarks
Island of the Gods
, with its varied landscape of hills and mountains, rugged coastlines and sandy beaches, lush rice terraces and barren volcanic hillsides all providing a picturesque backdrop to its colourful, deeply spiritual and unique culture, stakes a serious claim to be paradise on earth.
With world-class surfing and diving, a large number of cultural, historical and archaeological attractions, and an enormous range of accommodations, this is one of the world's most popular island destinations and one which consistently wins travel awards. Bali has something to offer a very broad market of visitors from young back-packers right through to the super-rich.
Tanah Lot Temple
Komodo is one of the Republic of Indonesia's 17,508 islands. Part of the Lesser Sunda chain, it forms part of the Komodo National Park which lies between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores. Administratively, it is part of the East Nusa Tenggara province. It has around 2000 inhabitants, descendants of former convicts who were exiled to the island and who have mixed with the Buigis from Sulawesi. They are mostly Islamic, but there are Christian and Hindu minorities.
The island is famous not just for its heritage of convicts, but for the komodo dragon. Dragons have roamed the island for more than four million years, but were 'discovered' just 100 years ago. They are known through myth and legend and inspired the 1933 Hollywood classic film
. The feared and ferocious komodo dragon is the world's largest lizard. They measure up to 2.5 metres and weigh around 70kg. On the attack they can reach 20km/h and have no fear of humans. Over the last 60 years they have taken 14 human lives. Visitors must be accompanied by a guide at all times.
The monitor lizard inhabits Komodo and some of the smaller surrounding islands. There are around 4000 of the endangered dragons and the only way to reach them is by setting sail from the island of Flores. They, along with over 50 fantastic dive sites, attract many tourists.
Komodo National Park was established in 1980, its main purpose is to conserve the komodo dragon and its habitat. Over the years, the park's goals have expanded to protect its entire biodiversity, both terrestrial and marine. In 1986 it became a UNESCO World Heritage site and a Man and Biosphere Reserve.
Komodo Island The New 7 Wonders of The World
Yogyakarta is a bustling town of some 500,000 people and the most popular tourist destination on
, largely thanks to its proximity to the temples of
. The town is a center of art and education, offers some good shopping and has a wide range of tourist facilities.
Strictly speaking, the city (
) of Yogyakarta is only one of five districts within the semi-autonomous province of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), literally the "Special Area of Yogyakarta". (The other districts are
on the slopes of fiery
to the North,
all the way to the sea to the South, the hills of
to the East and the low lands of
to the West.) This special status is thanks to the sultanate of
, which has ruled the area since 1749 and steered the state through difficult times of occupation and revolution. When the central government tried to weaken the sultan's power by calling a direct election for the state leader, present sultan Hamengkubuwono X was chosen by an overwhelming majority.
Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, is the largest city in Indonesia. The city has all the modern amenities. But in its quest for modernization the city has not forgotten its past and has carefully preserved its rich cultural heritage. Apart from the skyscrapers, colonial structures built by European powers form an integral part of Jakarta's skyline.
Jakarta is a city of many fascinating facets
. It is the main gateway to Indonesia. In recent years, Jakarta has expanded its facilities for visitors with multi-star luxury hotels, fine restaurants, exciting nightlife and modern shopping centers. Food is quite cheap in Jakarta and is available in great variety.
History of Jakarta
Jakarta was a small harbor town when the last Hindu Kingdom of Java, Kingdom of Pajajaran, was ruling in 14th century. Muslim ruler Fatahilklah conquered the city and changed the name to Jayakarta or the City of Victory on June 22, 1527. Later on, the Dutch conquered the city in 1619 and built a new city Batavia, which remained the center of power for them in South East Asia for more than 300 years. The city came under the siege of Japanese Imperial Forces in 1941 during the Second World War and its name was changed back to Jakarta (from Jayakarta). The defeat of Japan did not allow them to remain in Indonesia for long. Dutch again tried to capture the city but by now freedom struggle was already quite strong in the country and on August 17, 1945, the Indonesian leaders proclaimed its independence from foreign rule in Jakarta.
Jakarta Night View
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